Watersheds with a Holistic Approach

Integrating on-farm and non-farm activities, soil and water conservation initiatives, diversification, identifying the highest producing crop varieties, training for on-farm management, processing and marketing linkages applied successfully in Telangana (India), Ethiopia, and  China.

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Interventions 

  • Integrating on-farm and non-farm activities, soil and water conservation initiatives, diversification, identifying the highest producing crop varieties, training for on-farm management, processing and marketing linkages applied successfully in Telangana (India) Ethiopia, China, Mali and Thailand.

Impacts

Kothapally watershed, Telangana, India

  • Water available all year long due to 5-8 times increased storage capacity.
  • Recharged groundwater enables farmers to grow more crops per year.
  • Better quality livestock feed & water increases milk output (1300 L/day); sale of dairy products adds to income.
  • Improved variety of pigeonpea production sees up to 900 kg/ha increase.
  • Maize production rises by up to 2.5 times with improved hybrid seeds.
  • Net farmer income rises by US$ 940-2708 per ha.
  • 37 recharge wells functional.
  • 10 women self-help groups take up vermicomposting.

See Kothapally Timeline
Download Poster 

A Pakistani woman carries drinking water on her head. Photograph: Asif Hassan/AFP/Getty Images

A Pakistani woman carries drinking water on her head. Photograph: Asif Hassan/AFP/Getty Images

Lucheba watershed, China

  • Farmers get better yields and returns with harvested rainwater.
  • Cash crops boost annual income from \3,000 (US$ 500) to \10,000 (US$ 1,650); almost 192% increase.
  • Farm household income rises by 32%.
  • Irrigated land increases by 94%.
  • Crop yields increase by 6-19%.
  • Migrated residents return home.

Read more: http://goo.gl/FHL9yR

Yewol watershed, Ethiopia

  • Terracing halts soil erosion: Irrigated land downstream increased from 200-940 hectares.
  • Downstream water bodies and groundwater recharged.
  • Greater groundwater access to communities.
  • Women spared the drudgery of fetching water from afar.
  • Irrigated land increases from 81 to 380 hectare.
  • Diverse crops (fruit, chickpea, fodder grasses) help farmers financially and nutritionally; also improve soil quality.

Read more:

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