Holistic Scaling Up, Karnataka, India

Karnataka state has the second largest area in India under rainfed agriculture but its soils are highly degraded and crop yields are low. A holistic approach with soil and nutrient management, improved cultivars, seed treatment, and soil and water conservation measures is bridging the yield gap.

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Interventions

  • Soil and water management: Soil health mapping, water management,
    soil and water conservation techniques, integrated soil and nutrient
    management and daily monitoring of rainfall and seasonal rainfall
  • Inputs management and improved seed systems: Distribution of
    agricultural inputs made available at 50% subsidy at cluster village level
    to maximize incomes
  • Farmer preferred improved varieties: High-yielding, short-duration and
    major crop varieties are selected from popular choices of farmers
  • Identifying optimal sowing time: Identifying major crops based on
    performance and scheduling optimal sowing time to enhance crop
    productivity
  • Crop diversification: Intercropping and planting different crops protect
    farmers against climate variability, crop loss and diseases
  • Integrated pest management: Education about and use of proper levels                                         of pesticides to decrease risks to health and the environment
  • Mechanical interventions: Promotion of machinery for greater efficiency.

The Bhoochetana project is being implemented with local organizations and people having ownership of the process. The project uses a consortium and convergence approach for interventions across the whole agricultural value chain. Farmer facilitators and ICT knowledge sharing ensure that there is widespread dissemination of technologies.

Impact

  • 4.75 million farmers have benefited over 5
    years
  • 7.4 million ha rainfed area covered by
    improved management practices
  • Benefit-cost ratio: 3-14:1
  • 20 – 66% increase in crop yield
  • US$ 353 M in net benefit accrued in 5 years
  • >5% rise in agriculture growth since 2009.

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