Chickpea in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana States, India
Large areas of chickpea in the semi-arid tropics often experience short winters, terminal moisture and heat stresses, wilt disease and pod borer problems, leading to low yields. New chickpea varieties adapted to warmer, short-season environments are bringing increasing prosperity and offering hope to farmers.
Forty-three high-yielding,early- to medium-maturing,wilt-resistant chickpea varieties released.
First machine harvestable variety NBeG 47 (ICCV 2 X PDG 84-16) released in Andhra Pradesh.
Over 90% of chickpea cultivated area in Andhra Pradesh covered by improved varieties.
Drought tolerant breeding lines developed through marker-assisted back crossing.
ICRISAT-India partnership varieties (JG 11, JAKI 9218, KAK 2, and Vihar) cover 95% of the chickpea area in Andhra Pradesh,Telangana and 65% in Karnataka.
Production of chickpea boosted nine-fold (from 95,000 tons to 884,000 tons).
Total yield sees a 2.4-fold increase – from 583 kg/ha to 1407 kg/ha.
Higher utilization and consumption observed in households.