Chickpea in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana States, India

Large areas of chickpea in the semi-arid tropics often experience short winters, terminal moisture and heat stresses, wilt disease and pod borer problems, leading to low yields. New chickpea varieties adapted to warmer, short-season environments are bringing increasing prosperity and offering hope to farmers.

Interventions 

  • Across India, developed 43 high-yielding, early- to medium-maturing, wilt-resistant chickpea varieties; released in India through ICRISAT partnership with State Agricultural Universities
  • High adoption in central and southern India
  • Accounted for about 49% of the total indent of chickpea breeder seed in India (2013-14)
  • Chickpea variety NBeG 47, the first machine harvestable variety released in Andhra
    Pradesh suitable for the state’s variable climate. This was derived from a cross between ICCV 2 X PDG 84-16.

Impacts 

  • ICRISAT-India partnership varieties (JG 11, JAKI 9218, KAK 2, and Vihar) cover over 90% of the chickpea area in Andhra Pradesh
  • Chickpea performance:
    * 9-fold increase in production (95,000 to 884,000 tons)
    * 5-fold increase in area (102,000 to 602,000 ha)
    * 2.4-fold increase in yield (583 to 1,407 kg/ha).

For more information, read story

Also read, Song of the season

chickpea-ap

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