3) ICRISAT material results in improved pearl millet from TNAU (30 November 2004)

Using parental material sourced from the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), the Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU) at Coimbatore has released an improved pearl millet variety, Co Cu 9.

The new variety, which was developed from ICRISAT-bred experimental variety ICMV 93752, is resistant to downy mildew, has a higher grain yield under both rainfed and irrigated conditions and has high grain protein content. Longer panicles (the heads on which the grains appear) and high tillering (more shoots per plant) ensures its greater productivity compared to varieties previously available to Tamil Nadu farmers.

The variety was tested for adaptation and yield stability across 157 locations between 1997 and 2003, under name
UCC 23.

In farmers' fields and varying research station situations it recorded an average grain yield of 2150 kg/ha (8.7 quintals per acre), which was 15% more than similar variety CO 7 and 58% more than earlier-maturing variety ICMV 221.
The variety is recommended for sowing under rainfed and irrigated situations. TNAU has recommended it for adoption across Tamil Nadu.

CO Cu 9 is a fast maturing variety, ready for harvest 80-85 days after sowing. It also is drought tolerant. With a higher grain protein content of 13.62% it has a high nutritive value and will prove useful for both human food and poultry feed uses.

For further information, contact Dr CT Hash at c(dot)hash(at)cgiar(dot)org.

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