production projects are being implemented throughout Africa.This case study
compares three such projects in central Tanzania.All three programs seek to
encourage small-scale farmers to produce and sell sorghum and pearl millet
varieties,but use different approaches to solve the common problems of
seed multiplication and distribution. The three projects were relatively
successful in promoting seed production.Training was provided in seed quality
control,and growers generally understood the differences between seed and
grain.However, questions remain about the practicality of producing certified
seed,quality declared seed,or common grade seed.External
investments remain necessary for the production and delivery of source seed.The
biggest threat to the viability of these programs is the problem of seed
marketing.While farmers are expected to sell seed to their neighbors,most sought
marketing assistance from xternal buyers.Further investments are still needed in
testing alternative marketing strategies.This study highlights
a number of policy issues.None of the three programs is likely to continue
without external technical support and funding.The appropriate,long-term levels
of public investment need to be defined.In addition,the
relationship between public and private sector investments in seed production
and distribution needs to be more explicitly defined.
(Click above to view the book)
D,Mtenga,K,Kiriwaggulu,J A B,Monyo,E S,Mwaisela,F,and Saadan,H M.2002.
Comparative study of three community seed supply strategies in Tanzania.PO Box
776,Bulawayo, Zimbabwe:International Crops Research
Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics.48 pp.