JG 11 (ICCV 93954) is a desi chickpea variety developed by ICRISAT in partnership with Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya (JNKVV), Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India. It was released by the Central Variety Release Committee of India for southern India in 1999.
JG 11 has spread rapidly in southern India during the past 5 years. It is gradually replacing the variety ĎAnnigerií that has been holding sway here for over four decades. Farmers prefer JG 11 because of its early maturity (95-100 days), high yield (up to 2.5 t ha-1 in rainfed and up to 3.5 t ha-1 under irrigated conditions), attractive large seed (22 g 100 seed-1) and high resistance to fusarium wilt (<10% mortality).
ICRISAT in partnership with Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural University (ANGRAU), Hyderabad and University of Agricultural Sciences (UAS)-Dharwad is promoting improved chickpea cultivars through farmer-participatory varietal trials in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka, respectively. ICRISAT and JNKVV produced over 300 t breeder seed of JG 11 during the past five years and made it available to public and private seed sectors, NGOs and farmers for further seed multiplication and enhancing its adoption. Many farmers became seed growers and played an important role in spread of the variety. ICRISAT also distributed free seed samples (1 to 2 kg each) to thousands of farmers.
A team of scientists including ICRISATís chickpea breeder, Project Coordinator of All India Coordinated Research Project on Chickpea and scientists from ANGRAU visited chickpea fields in Kurnool and Prakasam districts of Andhra Pradesh. These two districts account for over 50% of the chickpea area in the state. According to the Department of Agriculture, the chickpea area in AP during the 2007/08 season reached a record high of 650,000 ha. There has been over four-fold increase in chickpea area in AP during the past 10 years. Kurnool alone has about 237,000 ha of chickpea this year and may be the largest chickpea growing district in India.
JG 11 now covers over 60% of the chickpea area in Kurnool and Prakasam districts. The variety has similar adoption in other districts, and is also becoming popular in Karnataka. It appears that JG 11 may completely replace Annigeri in just a few years.
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