Latest stories


Mighty millets super grains of power

  The United Nations General Assembly adopted an India-sponsored resolution to mark 2023 as the international year of millets. We delve into India’s millet production, their nutritional value and how the Indian government is promoting millets and its cultivation. Super-grain, super-food Read more...

Partnering for nutrition sensitive agriculture in Sudan

Promoting improved crop varieties, strengthening seed systems and nutrition sensitive agriculture were identified areas of intervention that can help Sudan transform its food and agro-pastoral systems. Representatives of IFAD, WFP and ICRISAT, during a recent consultative meeting, identified these areas and Read more...

Burkina Faso releases its first pearl millet hybrid

Burkina Faso recently approved the commercial use of its first pearl millet hybrid called Nafagnon. With the approval, the single-cross hybrid also became the first of its kind to be approved in West and Central Africa. Nafagnon yields as much as 45 percent higher than popular variety Misari-1. It is more resistant to downy mildew and has higher fodder yield potential. Read more...

Is there a Future for Orphan Crops?

Today’s diet of most peoples around the world is dominated by the Big 3 – rice, wheat, and maize – which account for about 50% of the world’s consumption of calories. According to FAO about 95% of the world›s food needs are provided Read more...

New Video

With 2023 adopted as the UN International Year of Millets, Smart Food and ICRISAT bring you a series of expert talks and discussions on food trends, opportunities and driving markets for smart foods including millets and sorghum. See:


ICRISAT participated in a World Environment Day (June 5) event organized by the Government of India, where Mr Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of India, launched three bioethanol retail units under the E100 project. Mr Modi also announced at the event that the time target for achieving 20% ethanol-petrol blending in India has been advanced to 2025 from the earlier target of 2030. Through its BioPower strategy, ICRISAT focuses on improving its mandate crops as feedstocks for biofuel production (both 1G and 2G) without compromising the food security, and links farmers to the ethanol industry so that they can benefit from new market opportunities.


The African Plant Breeders Association (APBA) is an initiative of full-fledged scientists, students, and professionals in Africa from higher education institutions (HEIs), research organisations and private companies who felt the need to change the narrative of crop improvement and the seed sector in Africa. It is a forum dedicated to building capacities, problem-solving, resource mobilisation, and long-term strategic development of the agricultural sector in Africa through effective plant breeding programmes and provision of tangible solutions to governments, seed companies, non-governmental organisations and farmers. Read more

New publications

Assessment of the genetic diversity of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) genotypes for kernel yield, oil and fodder quantity and quality under drought conditions

Authors: Abadya S, Shimelis H, Pasupuleti J, Mashilo J, Chaudhari S and Manohar SS

Published: Crop Science (TSI). pp. 1-18. ISSN 0011-183X

Understanding “Omics” driven plant improvement and de novo crop domestication: some examples

Authors: Kumar R, Sharma V, Suresh S, Ramrao DP, Veershetty A, Kumar S, Priscilla K, Hangargi BS, Narasanna R,

Pandey MK, Naik GR, Thomas S and Kumar A

Published: Frontiers in Genetics (TSI), 12 (637141). pp. 1-25. ISSN 1664-8021

Distribution and diversity of alternate hosts of Maruca vitrata Fabricius in three West African countries

Authors: Addae PC, Bruce YA, Utono IM, Abudulai M, Traore F, Ishiyaku MF, Adamu RS, Seidu A, Batieno BJ, Nwankwo OF, Ba MN, Adazebra GA, Tignegre JE, Dabiré-Binso CL, Huesing JE, Hellmich RL, Pittendrigh BR and Tamò M

Published:  International Journal of Tropical Insect Science (TSI). ISSN 1742-7592

Morpho-physiological traits and leaf surface chemicals as markers conferring resistance to sorghum shoot fly (Atherigona soccata Rondani)

Authors: Arora N, Mishra SP, Nitnavare RB, Jaba J, Kumar AA, Bhattacharya J, Sohu RS and Sharma HC

Published: Field Crops Research (TSI), 261. pp. 1-12. ISSN 0378-4290

Morpho-Biochemical Parameters Associated with Resistance to Pod Borer Complex of Pigeonpea

Authors: Ambidi V, Bantewad S, Prasad Mishra S, Hingane A and Jaba J

Published: Pakistan Journal of Zoology (TSI). pp. 1-7. ISSN 0030-9923

Performance and stability of pearl millet varieties for grain yield and micronutrients in arid and semi-arid regions of India

Authors: Sanjana Reddy P, Satyavathi CT, Khandelwal V, Patil HT, Gupta PC, Sharma LD, Mungra KD, Singh SP, Narasimhulu R, Bhadarge HH, Iyanar K, Tripathi MK, Yadav D, Bhardwaj R, Talwar AM, Tiwari VK, Kachole UG, Sravanti K, Shanthi Priya M, Athoni BK, Anuradha N, Govindaraj M, Nepolean T and Tonapi VA

Published: Frontiers in Plant Science (TSI), 12. pp. 1-16. ISSN 1664-462X

Sorghum pan-genome explores the functional utility for genomic-assisted breeding to accelerate the genetic gain

Authors: Ruperao P, Thirunavukkarasu N, Gandham P, Selvanayagam S, Govindaraj M, Nebie B, Manyasa E, Gupta R, Das RR, Odeny DA, Gandhi H, Edwards D, Deshpande SP and Rathore A

Published: Frontiers in Plant Science (TSI), 12. ISSN 1664-462X

Novel genes and genetic loci associated with root morphological traits, phosphorus-acquisition efficiency and phosphorus-use efficiency in chickpea

Authors: Thudi M, Chen Y, Pang J, Kalavikatte D, Bajaj P, Roorkiwal M, Chitikineni A, Ryan MH, Lambers H, Siddique KHM and Varshney RK

Published: Frontiers in Plant Science (TSI), 12. pp. 1-11. ISSN 1664-462X

Integrated pest management in major legume crops

Authors: Jaba J, Jatin K, Reddy RS, Kota S and Mishra SP

Published: Taylor & Francis Group, LLC, Boca Raton, Florida, pp. 287-293. ISBN 9781003027690

The role of natural enemies and biopesticides for sustainable management of major insect pests of legumes

Authors: Kota S, Kukanur V, Reddy RS, Arora N, Jaba J and Rama DK

Published: In: Biopesticides in Organic Farming. CRC Press, Florida, USA, pp. 207-216. ISBN 9781003027690

Seeking sustainable pathways for fostering agricultural transformation in peninsular India

Authors:  Anantha KH, Garg KK, Petrie CA and Dixit S

Published: Environmental Research Letters (TSI), 16 (4). pp. 1-13. ISSN 1748-9326

Can seasonal soil N mineralisation trends be leveraged to enhance pasture growth?

Authors: Bilotto F, Harrison MT, Migliorati MDA, Christie KM, Rowlings DW, Grace PR, Smith AP, Rawnsley RP,  Thorburn PJ and Eckard RJ

Published: Science of The Total Environment (TSI), 772. pp. 1-15. ISSN 0048-9697

Climate change impact and variability on cereal productivity among smallholder farmers under future production systems in West Africa

Authors: MacCarthy DS, Adam M, Freduah BS, Fosu-Mensah BY, Ampim PAY, Ly M, Traore PS and Adiku SGK    

Published:  Sustainability (TSI), 13 (9). pp. 1-22. ISSN 2071-1050

Comprehensive analysis and identification of drought-responsive candidate NAC genes in three semi-arid tropics (SAT) legume crops

Authors: Singh S, Kudapa H, Garg V and Varshney RK

Published: BMC Genomics (TSI), 22 (1). pp. 1-23. ISSN 1471-2164

Comparative transcriptome analysis identified candidate genes for late leaf spot resistance and cause of defoliation in groundnut

Authors: Gangurde SS, Nayak SN, Joshi P, Purohit S, Sudini HK, Chitikineni A, Hong Y, Guo B, Chen X, Pandey MK and Varshney RK

Published: International Journal of Molecular Sciences (TSI), 22 (4491). pp. 1-23. ISSN 1422-0067

Can omics deliver temperature resilient ready-to-grow crops?

Authors: Raza A, Tabassum J, Kudapa H and Varshney RK

Published: Critical Reviews in Biotechnology (TSI). pp. 1-24. ISSN 0738-8551

Accelerating seed germination and juvenile growth of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) to manage climate variability through hydro-priming

Authors: Dembélé S, Zougmoré RB, Coulibaly A, Lamers JPA and Tetteh JP

Published: Atmosphere (TSI), 12 (4). pp. 1-14. ISSN 2073-4433

Genome sequencing and comparative genomic analysis of highly and weakly aggressive strains of Sclerotium rolfsii, the causal agent of peanut stem rot

Authors: Yan L, Wang Z, Song W, Fan P, Kang Y, Lei Y, Wan L, Huai D, Chen Y, Wang X, Sudini H and Liao B

Published: BMC Genomics (TSI), 22 (1). pp. 1-15. ISSN 1471-2164

Not all about farming: Understanding aspirations can challenge assumptions about rural development

Authors: Mausch K, Harris D, Dilley L, Crossland M, Pagella T, Yim J and Jones E

Published: The European Journal of Development Research (TSI). ISSN 0957-8811   

Genotype × Environment interaction for resistance to early leaf spot of groundnut mini core collections in the Savannas of Nigeria

Authors: Shaibu AS, Miko ZL, Mohammed SG, Ajeigbe HA, Usman A, Mohammed MS and Umar ML

Published: Legume Research – An International Journal  (TSI), 44 (4). pp. 472-479. ISSN 0250-5371

Soil erosion modelling: A bibliometric analysis

Authors: Bezak N, Mikoš M, Borrelli P, Alewell C, Alvarez P, Anache JAJ, Baartman J, Ballabio C, Biddoccu M, Cerdà A, Chalise D, Chen S, Chen W, De Girolamo AM, Gessesse GD, Deumlich D, Diodato N, Efthimiou N,  Erpul G, Fiener P, Freppaz M, Gentile F, Gericke A, Haregeweyn N, Hu B, Jeanneau A, Kaffas K, Kiani-Harchegani M, Villuendas IL, Li C, Lombardo L, López-Vicente M, Lucas-Borja ME, Maerker M, Miao C, Modugno S, Möller M, Naipal V, Nearing M, Owusu S, Panday D, Patault E, Patriche CV, Poggio L, Portes R, Quijano L, Rahdari MR, Renima M, Ricci GF, Rodrigo-Comino J, Saia S, Samani AN, Schillaci C, Syrris V, Kim HS,  Spinola DN, Oliveira Paulo Tarso, Teng H, Thapa R, Vantas K, Vieira D, Yang JE, Yin S, Zema DA, Zhao G and Panagos

Published: Environmental Research (TSI), 197. pp. 1-16. ISSN 0013-9351

Effects of land management practices and land cover types on soil loss and crop productivity in Ethiopia: A review

Authors: Desta G, Tamene L, Abera W, Amede T and Whitbread A

Published: International Soil and Water Conservation Research (TSI). ISSN 2095-6339

Soil erosion modelling: A global review and statistical analysis

Authors: Borrelli P, Alewell C, Alvarez P, Anache JAA, Baartman J, Ballabio C, Bezak N, Biddoccu M, Cerdà A, Chalise D, Chen S, Chen W, De Girolamo AM, Gessesse GD, Deumlich D, Diodato N, Efthimiou N, Erpul G, Fiener P, Freppaz M, Gentile F, Gericke A, Haregeweyn N, Hu B, Jeanneau A, Kaffas K, Kiani-Harchegani M, Villuendas IL, Li C, Lombardo L, López-Vicente M, Lucas-Borja ME, Märker M, Matthews F, Miao C, Mikoš M, Modugno S, Möller M, Naipal V, Nearing M, Owusu S, Panday D, Patault E, Patriche CV, Poggio L, Portes R, Quijano L, Rahdari MR, Renima M, Ricci GF, Rodrigo-Comino J, Saia S, Samani AN, Schillaci C, Syrris V, Kim HS,  Spinola DN, Oliveira PT, Teng H, Thapa R, Vantas K, Vieira D, Yang JE, Yin S, Zema DA, Zhao G and Panagos P

Published: Science of The Total Environment (TSI), 780. pp. 1-18. ISSN 0048-9697

Genetic variation for nitrogen use efficiency traits in global diversity panel and parents of mapping populations in pearl millet

Authors: Pujarula V, Pusuluri M, Bollam S, Das RR, Ratnala R, Adapala G, Thuraga V, Rathore A, Srivastava RK and Gupta R

Published: Frontiers in Plant Science (TSI), 12 (625915). pp. 1-17. ISSN 1664-462X

Phytosanitary interventions for safe global germplasm exchange and the prevention of transboundary pest spread: role of CGIAR germplasm health units

Authors: Kumar PL, Cuervo M, Kreuze JF, Muller G, Kulkarni G, Kumari SG, Massart S, Mezzalama M, Alakonya A, Muchugi A, Graziosi I, Ndjiondjop MN, Sharma R and Negawo AT

Published: Plants (TSI), 10 (328). pp. 1-29. ISSN 2223-7747   

Metabolomics intervention towards better understanding of plant traits

Authors: Sharma V, Gupta P, Priscilla K, SharanKumar S, Hangargi B, Veershetty A, Ramrao DP, Suresh S, Narasanna R, Naik GR, Kumar A, Guo B, Zhuang W, Varshney RK, Pandey MK and Kumar R

Published: Cells (TSI), 10 (2). pp. 1-32. ISSN 2073-4409

Systems biology for crop improvement

Authors: Pazhamala LT, Kudapa H, Weckwerth W, Millar AH and Varshney RK

Published: The Plant Genome (TSI). pp. 1-23. ISSN 1940-3372

Streptomyces consortia-mediated plant defense against Fusarium wilt and plant growth-promotion in chickpea

Authors: Ankati S, Srinivas V, Pratyusha S and Gopalakrishnan S

Published: Journal of Plant Physiology (TSI), 257. pp. 1-18. ISSN 0176-1617











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